Can diabetes eat cake? ! Understanding the dietary treatment and taboos of diabetes
Diabetes is quite common. Maybe there are relatives and friends around you and me who are working with them. What are the symptoms of diabetes? What adjustments need to be made in the diet? What are the taboos to pay attention to? If the diet is well regulated, you can still eat cakes. Why? Let the nutritionist take 5 minutes to take you through.
The definition and causes of diabetes
Diabetes is a disease caused by abnormal metabolism. As the name suggests, it affects the body’s “systemic system” and is caused by the imbalance of “metabolism.”
When the human body eats, the digestive tract will begin to decompose food. During the process of food decomposition, glucose is produced, which stimulates the pancreas to secrete “insulin” so that glucose can enter the cells and be converted into energy. The key to diabetes lies in the long-term exposure of the pancreas. Excessive stimulation or other reasons lead to a decline in function, and the glucose in the blood can no longer be sent to the cells, which increases the blood sugar concentration and causes diabetes.
Why do you get diabetes?
Innate genes and physique: Just like type 1 diabetes, it is basically genetic inheritance, or the autoimmune system is dysregulated, causing diabetes.
Diet and lifestyle habits: excessive intake of high-sugar and high-oil foods in the diet, inadequate exercise, short long-term sleep, obesity, etc. are all the culprits that cause diabetes.
Decreased pancreatic function caused by other pathological reasons.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The most common situation is “eating, drinking, and urinating too much”, that is, it is easy to feel hungry, thirsty, and frequent urination. In addition, the weight will decrease, the physical strength will become worse, often want to sleep, and the vision begins to blur. Inflammation of the gums and urethra are also symptoms of diabetes.
Four dietary principles for diabetes
The diet of diabetics focuses on controlling the stability of blood sugar and the ideal weight (including the control of blood lipids), in order to obtain proper, adequate and balanced nutrition and delay the occurrence of complications.
Eat a variety of foods in a balanced manner and regularly and quantitatively
Each meal should be in accordance with the portion size recommended by the dietitian and avoid any increase or decrease. Because the type and amount of food (especially whole grain roots and fruits) will affect the fluctuation of blood sugar, so do not overeat, and you should fix the time of eating to prevent too much fluctuation of blood sugar.
Choose more ingredients rich in dietary fiber
Dietary fiber is not absorbed by the human intestines, so it has no calories. The advantage is that it can increase satiety and help delay the rise of blood sugar. Therefore, the recommended daily amount is 20~35 grams. In your daily diet, you can replace white rice, white noodles, and white toast with whole grains (brown rice, five-grain rice, sweet potatoes, soba noodles, whole wheat bread, etc.), in addition to fresh vegetables and Fruit is also a recommended source.
Choose low-fat cooking methods and low-fat foods
This cooking method can help maintain ideal body weight and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Suggested cooking methods with less oil include boiling, steaming, roasting, braising, stewing, and cold salad. And choose vegetable oils, such as: soybean salad oil, sunflower oil, olive oil, canola oil, etc., should follow the recommendations of the diet plan, and you can also replace part of the fat intake with nut seeds rich in unsaturated fatty acids, such as cashew nuts , Almond beans, walnuts, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, etc., but they are still oils after all, so the intake must be controlled.
Avoid excessive seasoning, natural seasoning is better
Avoid using too many seasonings (soy sauce paste, bean paste, shacha paste, etc.), canned, pickled, processed and frozen foods. Choose natural spices, lemon, lemongrass, onion, ginger, garlic, star anise, pepper and other seasonings. Patients who really want to eat sweetness can use fruits, sweet potatoes and other ingredients to sweeten them, or use sweeteners, which are commonly known as sugar substitutes, such as saccharin, aspartame (Note: people with phenylketonuria) Not edible), acesulfame potassium (Note: kidney disease patients with poor potassium excretion cannot be edible).
A diabetes diet is taboo, these foods can not be touched
Foods containing refined sugars should be consumed under the guidance of a nutritionist
When blood sugar control is not good, it is recommended not to consume. Common foods containing refined sugar are as follows:
Beverages: soft drinks, cola, sweetened drinks, or fruit juices.
Seasoning: sugar, rock sugar, fructose, syrup, honey, maltose, condensed milk.
Baking products: biscuits, Chinese and Western pastries, bread, cakes, etc.
Others: jelly, jam, preserves, pudding, ice cream, all kinds of candies, etc.
Foods with high fat and high calories should be avoided as much as possible
Avoid using deep-frying, frying, short-cooking and other methods to cook food, and also eat less animal fats (such as lard, butter, fat, butter, skins, etc.), and high-saturated vegetable oils (such as : Coconut oil, palm oil). In addition, it is necessary to limit the intake of trans fatty acids and cholesterol. The former are mostly used in deep-fried processing, instant foods, hydrogenated fats (milk marlin, ghee, white oil, etc.), baked goods, cakes, etc.; the latter are found in animals Sexual foods, especially eggs, fish eggs, and animal organs, have no cholesterol in plant foods.
Diabetes can actually eat cakes, learn more about diabetes cakes
In addition, some bakers have developed cake desserts that are flour-free, sugar-free, and natural sweeteners (sugar substitutes), such as erythritol, stevia, etc., which can greatly reduce blood sugar ingredients and provide A safer choice for diabetics.
How should diabetic patients eat three meals a day?
After a long night of fasting sleep, the first meal of the day is an important start for daily blood sugar control and insulin resistance reduction. It is recommended to choose non-refined starches (low GI foods) such as sweet potatoes or oats as the main food for breakfast because low GI foods can delay the rise of blood sugar, and then pair it with protein, such as an egg or a cup of sugar-free soy milk, unflavored fresh milk or sugar-free Yogurt, to create a compound nutrient supplement, helps to slow down the rate of blood sugar rise after meals.
Due to work factors, the chances of eating out for lunch are very high. Take the buffet as an example. In the staple food section, you can choose brown rice or purple rice. For the main dish, try to choose non-fried and less sauce seasoning methods, such as steamed fish, braised pork ribs, grilled chicken legs, cold tofu, etc. Avoid choosing three cups, Kung Pao chicken, or fried chicken chops. The side dishes are also based on dishes that are not over-seasoned. Avoid soups, soups, thickening, and sauces, such as risotto, fried meat with bean paste, and fried vegetables. Because most of these sauces contain sugar and high salt, they may be complicated by cardiovascular and kidney diseases.
It is better to prepare dinner by yourself after get off work. In addition to the application of the dietary principles of eating outside lunch, you can also increase the variety of vegetables, such as dark green, dark yellow, and orange vegetables, to make up for the situation of less green vegetables eaten out. Vegetable oil is used for cooking, and mushrooms can be blanched in boiling water, then add a little white vinegar, garlic, and shallots for seasoning to easily prepare low-oil vegetable dishes. In addition, it should be noted that the amount of staple food for dinner should not be excessive or inappropriate diet, especially refined starch, and the patient’s medication and insulin dosage should not be reduced by themselves, otherwise getting up the next day will easily cause a “dawn phenomenon” and cause blood sugar to spike. high.